Cessna Aircraft Company
The Cessna – Roos Aircraft Corporation was incorporated on September 7, 1927 by Clyde V. Cessna and Victor Roos. One month later Roos resigned and sold his interest back to Cessna. Later that year the company was renamed the Cessna Aircraft Company. He continued work on the “A” series aircraft he had begun during his partnership with Walter Beech, Lloyd Stearman and the Travel Air Aircraft Company. The partnership and Travel Air dissolved shortly before Cessna Aircraft Company was established.
The “A” series aircraft were single wing aircraft that eliminated the need for wing struts. Cessna began offering five variations of this aircraft that were called the AW’s, the W represented the Wright engine these aircraft came equipped with. After the “A” series Cessna developed the “B” and “C” series aircraft that were very successful. The success of these models led to the financing and development of the “D” series aircraft Chief and Scout in 1929. All was going well including the building of a 55,000 square foot plant until the stock market crash in October of 1929 and the beginning of the Great Depression.
Because of the horrible economic conditions the demand for private aircraft dried up and Cessna had to close its doors in 1931 and rent out the buildings. The company never went bankrupt but did not build aircraft for the next three years. In 1934 Cessna’s nephews Dwane and Dwight Wallace took control of the company. Clyde Cessna sold his shares in the company to the Wallace brothers. With the Wallace brothers at the helm the Cessna Aircraft built its first twin engine aircraft called the T-50 Bobcat. In 1940 the U.S. Army ordered 33 of these specially equipped aircraft, Cessna Aircraft Company’s largest order to date. Later on that year the Royal Canadian Air Force ordered an additional 180 of the T-50’s.
World War II saw Cessna expand from a company that employed 200 people in 1940 to 6,074 in 1944, not too long before the war ended. At the end of the war Cessna was able to continue producing aircraft to sustain a short lived demand for small aircraft that could be used for short flights. Cessna entered the Business Aircraft Market in 1954. Cessna began production on the T-37, its first jet powered aircraft. The Air Force purchased more than 1,000 of these to use as trainers. The Citation line of aircraft was introduced in 1972 when the Citation 500 entered service. Cessna became a wholly owned subsidiary of General Dynamics in 1985 who then sold Cessna to Textron 1n 1992. Although the economic downturn during 2008 to 2010 caused Cessna to lay off more than half its workforce Cessna is still one of the top business and general aviation aircraft companies in the world
Cessna Citation Excel
The Citation Excel combines a shortened Citation X cabin that seats seven with a modified Citation V wing. The Excel is equipped with Pratt & Whitney PW545A engines that have Nordam thrust reversers. The Excel is equipped with a Honeywell Primus 1000 EFIS avionics package and has a range of about 1,700 NM. The Excel’s first flight was on February 29, 1996. Certification was received in 1998
Max Range At Long Range Cruisee
Ferry Range: 1,839 NM
Manufacturer: Pratt & Whitney Canada
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